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  1. Socio-economic changes in England which collectively known as the Industrial Revolution (IR). It is called First Industrial Revolution or simply Industrial Revolution. The IR was a more relentless and universal success, than the Florentine Renaissance, or the French Revolution (say) (Mathias and Davis, 1989).
  2. A revolution is underway in today’s organizations. As Peter Senge and his co-authors reveal in The Necessary Revolution, companies around the world are boldly leading the change from dead-end “business as usual” tactics to transformative strategies that are essential for creating a flourishing, sustainable world. There is a long way to go.
  3. Sit on a chair, put h ands on the seat, and legs, as before, leave straight. Keep your back straight, slowly raise legs to the chest by bending them at the knees, and then return slowly to the starting position. If you want that your abdominal muscles become the ideal, it is necessary to strengthen oblique abdominal muscles.

A revolution is underway in today’s organizations. As Peter Senge and his co-authors reveal in The Necessary Revolution, companies around the world are boldly leading the change from dead-end “business as usual” tactics to transformative strategies that are essential for creating a flourishing, sustainable world. There is a long way to go. Download over 80 million free science papers, patents, theses and posters. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website.

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1 The Necessary Revolution How Individuals and Organizations Are Working Together to Create a Sustainable World by Peter Senge, Bryan Smith, Nina Kruschwitz, Joe Laur and Sara Schley Nicholas Brealey pages Focus Leadership & Management Strategy Sales & Marketing Finance Human Resources IT, Production & Logistics Career Development Small Business Economics & Politics Industries Intercultural Management Concepts & Trends Take-Aways The world is in peril because of severe environmental degradation. The sustainability crisis represents the interconnected symptoms of an enormous problem: a global system that is dangerously out of whack. The Industrial Age, which brought immeasurable benefi ts, is now creating immeasurably dire problems. Humankind cannot continue to ignore these concerns. Global warming is today s major environmental issue. The world is quickly reaching a point of no return regarding warming. If people don t act quickly, it may be impossible to halt. Organizations and nations are swiftly working to bring about positive change. For example, Australia may ban its entire citrus industry to conserve water. Sweden hopes to eliminate any dependence on fossil fuels by Quick fi xes and short-term solutions will only exacerbate serious sustainability problems worldwide. Socially and environmentally responsible practices make good business sense. Rating (10 is best) Overall Importance Innovation Style To purchase abstracts, personal subscriptions or corporate solutions, visit our Web site at or call us at our U.S. offi ce ( ) or Swiss offi ce ( ). getabstract is an Internet-based knowledge rating service and publisher of book abstracts. getabstract maintains complete editorial responsibility for all parts of this abstract. The copyrights of authors and publishers are acknowledged. All rights reserved. No part of this abstract may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying or otherwise, without prior written permission of getabstract Ltd (Switzerland).

2 Relevance What You Will Learn In this Abstract, you will learn: 1) What some of the major sustainability problems are; 2) Why global warming is potentially so catastrophic; 3) How some people are fighting for positive change; 4) Why that makes good business sense; and 5) How to become part of the solution. Recommendation The Earth faces grave sustainability problems, including global warming. In this new book, experts Peter Senge, Bryan Smith, Nina Kruschwitz, Joe Laur and Sara Schley discuss how people, organizations and nations are coming together to bring about positive change. The authors demonstrate that sustainability issues are part of an interconnected global dilemma that affects everyone. They urge united action to solve major ecological problems before solutions become impossible. They even note that businesses can save and earn money through environmentally sound products and policies. getabstract recommends this enlightened book s informed focus on exactly how to improve the sustainability of life on the planet. Abstract The human community has caused a lot of harm to the planet, and things need to change. Doing nothing is no longer an option. The time for shifting responsibility to others, or covering up deep problems with simplistic solutions that only make problems go away for a short time, is running out. Looming Disaster The world is in horrible, dangerous shape. The existence of life depends on clean water, breathable air, fertile soil, pollination and a stable climate. These essentials are under severe attack. Wetlands, grasslands and forests are vanishing. Half of the world s major rivers are polluted or depleted. Each year, environmental degradation forces 50 million poor people to leave their villages and migrate to cities. As a result, half a billion people live in horrific slums or squatter camps. Such people live bereft of social harmony, a situation sure to result in upheaval. But the worst of the story is that the world is getting notably hotter. Global climate change, caused by the atmospheric accumulation of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and other greenhouse gases, is a hugely disturbing fact, not a theory. A dangerous side effect of the Industrial Age, global climate change is the most serious looming planetary catastrophe, an insidious nightmare. As fossil fuels deposit excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the gas causes widespread, continuous heating and damage. For instance, as the oceans absorb CO 2, the water s acidity increases, destroying coral reefs critical to marine life. Rising levels of greenhouse gases and CO 2 in the atmosphere eventually will trigger runaway effects, causing more warming. It will take 30 to 50 years before scientists are even able to register the overall impact of current atmospheric CO 2 levels. Once the world reaches that tipping point, global warming feedback will begin to occur. At that stage, humans may find it impossible to shape the future in any significant way. Scientists estimate that, to make a difference, humanity must enforce a 60% to 80% emissions reduction within the next two decades that s part of the 80/20 Challenge. If it doesn t happen, people may soon face global catastrophe. Not scared enough? Consider these grim facts and statistics: The Asian Brown Cloud, an airborne sheet of industrial particles has been blamed for half a million deaths of respiratory illness each year just in India. The Necessary Revolution Copyright 2009 getabstract 2 of 5

3 The changes needed to avert extreme and possibly uncontrollable climate change will be greater and must happen far more quickly than we imagined even a few years ago. The costs to the world of climate change in the next decade could equal or exceed the costs of World War II. In developed countries around the world, previously takenfor-granted aspects of daily life food, water, energy, predictable weather seem less and less reliable. Underlying imbalances deteriorating ecosystems and fraying social harmony reinforce one another. The developing world dumps 70% of its industrial waste directly into rivers, lakes, oceans or soil. The atmosphere can safely absorb about three billions tons of CO 2 annually, but people emit about eight billion tons yearly by burning fossil fuels. In the U.K., CO 2 emissions rose from almost zero to a million tons annually by the end of the 19th century. By the end of the 20th century, U.S. emissions totaled nearly two billion tons of CO 2 annually approximately seven tons per person. About 90% of used commercial electronics, including computers, PDAs, TVs and audio recorders, end up in landfills. People retire 20 to 30 million vehicles a year. In developing nations, most of these trashed cars and trucks go into landfills. The U.S. buries more than 90% of its plastic wastes in landfills each year. The world is running out of nonrenewable resources, such as oil, copper and zinc. Coal is in strong supply, but it is a major source of air pollution (the U.S. s biggest source). One out of five people lacks access to clean drinking water. Groundwater, lakes and rivers are becoming increasingly polluted. During the past 50 years, agricultural overproduction has degraded more than 2.5 billion acres of topsoil, an area larger than China and India combined. During this time, the globe lost more than 30% of its forests, drastically reducing how much CO 2 it can absorb. Overfishing may soon kill off numerous fish species, ruining many coastal economies that depend on fishing for commerce and food. Taking Action People around the world are fighting back. In Australia, the government and citizens prioritize water preservation. Billboards warn people to conserve water. The country is considering totally eliminating its citrus crop. Citrus production represents 3% of the nation s GDP, but it requires immense amounts of water. In the 2007 election, the candidate who most emphasized climate change won. The Australian business community, dominated for decades by the mineral and mining industries, now strongly advocates renewable energy solutions. Swedes are working to eliminate their nation s dependence on imported oil. Former Prime Minister Göran Persson established a national commission to develop a strategy to eliminate all fossil fuel use in the country by This follows the work of concerned private citizens who are trying to make northern Sweden the world s first bioregion. The plan is that people in the region eventually will meet all their energy needs with sustainably produced biofuels. DuPont, a venerable U.S. company, is shifting from petroleum-based to bio-based feedstock products. It is working to reduce waste, and to develop new products that are not linked to gas and conventional oil. Another U.S. firm, Nike, has cut its carbon footprint by more than three-quarters. It is aiming to achieve zero waste, zero toxicity and 100% recyclability by Short-Term Solutions Are Not the Answer Around the world, people are beginning to see that sustainability problems interconnect. They are part of the seriously unbalanced global system. Short-term solutions are counterproductive, even self-defeating. They will not fix the planet s deeper imbalances and, indeed, may exacerbate them. For example, the U.S. s attempt in recent years to use more corn-based ethanol is forcing a major increase in world food prices. Plus, as large The Necessary Revolution Copyright 2009 getabstract 3 of 5

4 If global carbon emissions were currency, most of the money could be found in our office buildings, malls, hotels, factories, apartment buildings and private homes. Improvements in energy efficiency have gone from an average of 25% to over 70% reductions in energy use compared to conventional buildings. You can t have a fishing industry if there are no fish, or a soft drink company without clean water. People and organizations around the world are already planting the seeds for new ways of living and working together. agricultural companies cut down forests and eliminate grasslands to develop fields for more corn, greenhouse gases may even increase. These are huge prices to pay, especially when corn-based ethanol s emissions almost equal those from standard fuels. Society now faces truly monumental challenges in three primary areas that are tightly linked: energy and transportation, food and water, [and] material waste and toxicity. So what will a sustainable future require? Three guiding principles point the way: 1. Society must consider the generations to come Continuing on the current path seriously discounts the future, undermining the lives of today s children, grandchildren and all those who will come later. Humanity needs a sustainable strategy that works without harmful environmental impact or unattainably high costs. 2. Institutions must work together The modern world is completely interconnected. It represents a complex network of governments, businesses and other organizations that affects how people live, and the energy and products they consume. This vast network shares similar, connected sustainability problems and must develop group solutions. Unfortunately, many institutions tend to adopt short-term approaches to their individual operations and goals. As a result, a major gap exists between current piecemeal efforts and the need for all institutions to act in a concerted fashion to develop sustainability. 3. People must generate new ideas Albert Einstein once said, We can t solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them. People, governments and institutions must develop novel solutions. Change is possible, but not easy. People must see the larger systems of which all organizations and entities are a part. Then they must develop policies and approaches to ensure the health of these larger systems. Quick-fix solutions and short-term answers will not suffice. People must collaborate across boundaries in today s fully linked world. All nations and organizations face sustainability issues. The cost of failing to work together could be exceedingly dire. Finally, people must look beyond immediate problems and the reactive mindset that accompanies them to envision a sustainable future for everyone. The LEED Certification System Many people mistakenly believe that vehicles emit the most greenhouse gases. This is incorrect. Residential, industrial and commercial buildings consume far more energy and discharge more greenhouse gases. Indeed, the built environment accounts for double the emissions that cars produce worldwide. Thus, if the industrialized world could make buildings more energy efficient, it could reduce greenhouse gases substantially. A few years ago, concerned individuals in the U.S. building community united to address this goal. They established the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) and the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification system. Today, the USGBC and similar Green Building Councils in other nations work to promote green buildings and environmentally aware construction practices around the planet. From the outset, getting people from every sector of the fragmented building industry to agree to a common set of standards for green buildings was not easy. Establishing the LEED rating system s guidelines took from 1993 to By 2007, the LEED program listed more than 7,500 registered buildings. Currently, registration is voluntary, but it is becoming an industry norm. LEED standards address sustainable building sites, water efficiency, materials, energy conservation, pollution control and indoor environmental quality. Although LEED requirements are increasingly demanding, the cost of a LEEDcertified building averages only 1.8% more than the price of a conventional building. The Necessary Revolution Copyright 2009 getabstract 4 of 5

5 Corporations are coming under heavy scrutiny from all sides regarding their environmental and social behavior Today, there is truly nowhere to hide. Producing environmentally friendly goods and services has become as much a brand attribute as quality and price. Businesses need to wake up to the simple fact that the economy is the wholly owned subsidiary of nature, not the other way around. [ Interface CEO Ray Anderson, quoting U.S. Senator Gaylord Nelson] Owners can offset the additional expense with savings on energy and operating costs. USGBC standards cover retrofitting old buildings, rethinking home construction, commercial building operations and much more. Going Green Is Good Business A survey of 17,000 people in 15 global markets indicated that people place a premium on green brands. More than 50% of the respondents like to buy products from companies that protect the environment. This parallels an increase in ethical consumerism in Britain. In the U.S., 45% of the population can be classified as mainstream activists, that is, individuals who factor companies environmental and social policies into their purchase decisions. Businesses have many good reasons to embrace leadership in the regenerative economy, including those that affect the bottom line. These include: Cut costs Companies that reduce energy use and waste can realize massive savings, just ask IBM, Alcoa and Wal-Mart. Earn money Companies can spend as much as $100 per ton to get rid of their waste in landfills. General Mills got tired of paying such heavy fees. Now it recycles 86% of its solid waste, earning more from that than it spent on disposal. Compete and stand out Soon, cooling off servers and large computers will cost more than the actual hardware. IBM s Project Big Green, established to reduce its computers energy consumption, may change that. Through this initiative, IBM hopes to save its customers a substantial amount of money and, thus, increase its market share. Enterprise Rent-a-Car is adding thousands of flexifuel cars and hybrids to its fleet. About 50% of its cars, more than 334,000 vehicles, get better than 28 miles to the gallon. Shape the future of your industry BMW, Sony Europe, BP and Shell have used enlightened self-interest to shape future regulations positively for their industries. Become a preferred supplier Many large food retailers, such as Costco, now insist that their suppliers meet rigorous social and environmental standards. Change your image and brand Promoting social and environmental standards is excellent public relations. Wal-Mart is going green and, thus, counteracting negative publicity about its treatment of employees and its effect on small businesses. Make a Contribution Are you ready to change? Think about the particular sustainability issues that matter most to you. Prioritize them, consider how to act on them and discuss them within your company. Find like-minded colleagues who will support your efforts. Get them to add their contacts to your group. Organize a team and build management support. This is your initial crew for seeking new options and creating a proposed plan for change. Prepare a proposal including a plan of action. Secure widespread executive support for your initiative. Do not expect things to be easy, but don t quit. Your sustainability project may be the most important piece of work you ever undertake. About the Authors Peter Senge lectures at MIT. Bryan Smith is a faculty member at York University s Sustainable Enterprise Academy. Nina Kruschwitz is manager of the Fifth Discipline Fieldbook Project. Senge, Joe Laur and Sara Schley co-founded the SoL Sustainability Consortium, which fosters economic, ecological and social sustainability. The Necessary Revolution Copyright 2009 getabstract 5 of 5

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Was The Industrial Revolution Necessary


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Was The Industrial Revolution Necessary


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Author : Graeme Donald Snooks
language : en
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date : 1994

Was The Industrial Revolution Necessary written by Graeme Donald Snooks and has been published by Psychology Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1994 with Business & Economics categories.


By examining the wider dimensions of the Industrial Revolution, the authors draw conclusions to answer the question of the title.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution


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Author : Klaus Schwab
language : en
Publisher: Currency
Release Date : 2017

The Fourth Industrial Revolution written by Klaus Schwab and has been published by Currency this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017 with Business & Economics categories.


World-renowned economist Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum, explains that we have an opportunity to shape the fourth industrial revolu­tion, which will fundamentally alter how we live and work. Schwab argues that this revolution is different in scale, scope and complexity from any that have come before. Characterized by a range of new technologies that are fusing the physical, digital and biological worlds, the developments are affecting all disciplines, economies, industries and governments, and even challenging ideas about what it means to be human. Artificial intelligence is already all around us, from supercomputers, drones and virtual assistants to 3D printing, DNA sequencing, smart thermostats, wear­able sensors and microchips smaller than a grain of sand. But this is just the beginning: nanomaterials 200 times stronger than steel and a million times thinner than a strand of hair and the first transplant of a 3D printed liver are already in development. Imagine 'smart factories' in which global systems of manu­facturing are coordinated virtually, or implantable mobile phones made of biosynthetic materials. The fourth industrial revolution, says Schwab, is more significant, and its ramifications more profound, than in any prior period of human history. He outlines the key technologies driving this revolution and discusses the major impacts expected on government, business, civil society and individu­als. Schwab also offers bold ideas on how to harness these changes and shape a better future--one in which technology empowers people rather than replaces them; progress serves society rather than disrupts it; and in which innovators respect moral and ethical boundaries rather than cross them. We all have the opportunity to contribute to developing new frame­works that advance progress.

Empire Of Guns


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Author : Priya Satia
language : en
Publisher: Penguin
Release Date : 2018-04-10
The Necessary Revolution PDF Free Download

Empire Of Guns written by Priya Satia and has been published by Penguin this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2018-04-10 with History categories.


NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF 2018 BY THE SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE AND SMITHSONIAN MAGAZINE By a prize-winning young historian, an authoritative work that reframes the Industrial Revolution, the expansion of British empire, and emergence of industrial capitalism by presenting them as inextricable from the gun trade 'A fascinating and important glimpse into how violence fueled the industrial revolution, Priya Satia's book stuns with deep scholarship and sparkling prose.'--Siddhartha Mukherjee, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of The Emperor of All Maladies We have long understood the Industrial Revolution as a triumphant story of innovation and technology. Empire of Guns, a rich and ambitious new book by award-winning historian Priya Satia, upends this conventional wisdom by placing war and Britain's prosperous gun trade at the heart of the Industrial Revolution and the state's imperial expansion. Satia brings to life this bustling industrial society with the story of a scandal: Samuel Galton of Birmingham, one of Britain's most prominent gunmakers, has been condemned by his fellow Quakers, who argue that his profession violates the society's pacifist principles. In his fervent self-defense, Galton argues that the state's heavy reliance on industry for all of its war needs means that every member of the British industrial economy is implicated in Britain's near-constant state of war. Empire of Guns uses the story of Galton and the gun trade, from Birmingham to the outermost edges of the British empire, to illuminate the nation's emergence as a global superpower, the roots of the state's role in economic development, and the origins of our era's debates about gun control and the 'military-industrial complex' -- that thorny partnership of government, the economy, and the military. Through Satia's eyes, we acquire a radically new understanding of this critical historical moment and all that followed from it. Sweeping in its scope and entirely original in its approach, Empire of Guns is a masterful new work of history -- a rigorous historical argument with a human story at its heart.

The British Industrial Revolution In Global Perspective


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Author : Robert C. Allen
language : en
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2009-04-09

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The British Industrial Revolution In Global Perspective written by Robert C. Allen and has been published by Cambridge University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2009-04-09 with History categories.


Why did the industrial revolution take place in eighteenth-century Britain and not elsewhere in Europe or Asia? In this convincing new account Robert Allen argues that the British industrial revolution was a successful response to the global economy of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He shows that in Britain wages were high and capital and energy cheap in comparison to other countries in Europe and Asia. As a result, the breakthrough technologies of the industrial revolution - the steam engine, the cotton mill, and the substitution of coal for wood in metal production - were uniquely profitable to invent and use in Britain. The high wage economy of pre-industrial Britain also fostered industrial development since more people could afford schooling and apprenticeships. It was only when British engineers made these new technologies more cost-effective during the nineteenth century that the industrial revolution would spread around the world.

The Industrial Revolution


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Author : Pat Hudson
language : en
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date : 2014-08-29

The Industrial Revolution written by Pat Hudson and has been published by Bloomsbury Publishing this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2014-08-29 with Business & Economics categories.


This is an introduction to the Industrial Revolution which offers an integrated account of the economic and social aspects of change during the period. Recent revisionist thinking has implied that fundamental change in economic, social and political life at the time of the Industrial Revolution was minimal or non-existent. The author challenges this interpretation, arguing that the process of revision has gone too far; emphasizing continuity at the expense of change and neglecting many historically unique features of the economy and society. Elements given short shrift in many current interpretations are reassigned their central roles.

A Culture Of Growth


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Author : Joel Mokyr
language : en
Publisher: Princeton University Press

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Release Date : 2016-10-25

A Culture Of Growth written by Joel Mokyr and has been published by Princeton University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2016-10-25 with Business & Economics categories.


Why Enlightenment culture sparked the Industrial Revolution During the late eighteenth century, innovations in Europe triggered the Industrial Revolution and the sustained economic progress that spread across the globe. While much has been made of the details of the Industrial Revolution, what remains a mystery is why it took place at all. Why did this revolution begin in the West and not elsewhere, and why did it continue, leading to today's unprecedented prosperity? In this groundbreaking book, celebrated economic historian Joel Mokyr argues that a culture of growth specific to early modern Europe and the European Enlightenment laid the foundations for the scientific advances and pioneering inventions that would instigate explosive technological and economic development. Bringing together economics, the history of science and technology, and models of cultural evolution, Mokyr demonstrates that culture—the beliefs, values, and preferences in society that are capable of changing behavior—was a deciding factor in societal transformations. Mokyr looks at the period 1500–1700 to show that a politically fragmented Europe fostered a competitive 'market for ideas' and a willingness to investigate the secrets of nature. At the same time, a transnational community of brilliant thinkers known as the “Republic of Letters” freely circulated and distributed ideas and writings. This political fragmentation and the supportive intellectual environment explain how the Industrial Revolution happened in Europe but not China, despite similar levels of technology and intellectual activity. In Europe, heterodox and creative thinkers could find sanctuary in other countries and spread their thinking across borders. In contrast, China’s version of the Enlightenment remained controlled by the ruling elite. Combining ideas from economics and cultural evolution, A Culture of Growth provides startling reasons for why the foundations of our modern economy were laid in the mere two centuries between Columbus and Newton.

Nation State And The Industrial Revolution


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Author : Lars Magnusson
language :

The Necessary Revolution Pdf free. download full

en
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date :

The Necessary Revolution Pdf Free Download Game

2009-09-10

Nation State And The Industrial Revolution written by Lars Magnusson and has been published by Routledge this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2009-09-10 with Business & Economics categories.


The industrial revolution and the creation of the modern (national) state are two of the most important historical processes to have occurred in Europe during the 19th century. The state and other bodies of governance play an important role in the development of capitalist market societies since the 18th century. But modern market economies are to a large degree a product of the interplay between market and governance. Yet we are often told a strikingly different tale about the modern economy, at least how it ought to work and operate - as far as possible without public interference. Even more frequently we have been taught that the modern capitalist market economy is a product of an industrial revolution, originating with the UK in the middle of the 18th century propelled by laissez faire and the triumph of free markets which gradually liberated themselves from the grip of an old dirigiste state. This book argues that in order to get a better understanding of this period and the rise of modern industrial capitalism it is necessary to link the industrial revolution in its various forms to a political and institutional context of state-making and the creation of modern national states. Professor Magnusson demonstrates that a historical narrative which does not acknowledge the role of the state and public governance for the establishment of the modern capitalist market economy is fundamentally flawed.