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TORONTO & NEW YORK & LONDON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Options, the leading provider of managed trading infrastructure and connectivity to the global Capital Markets, has today announced the opening of a Toronto office.

Investment Banks Hedge Funds and Private Equity. Download or Read online Investment Banks Hedge Funds and Private Equity full in PDF, ePub and kindle. This book written by David Stowell and published by Academic Press which was released on 01 September 2012 with total pages 672. An Introduction to Investment Banks, Hedge Funds, and Private Equity. The dynamic environment of investment banks, hedge funds, and private equity firms comes to life in David Stowell’s introduction to the ways they challenge and sustain each other. Capturing their reshaped business plans in the wake of the 2007-2009 global meltdown, his book.

As Options continues to increase its client base across Canada, locating in Toronto provides a strong foothold for the company to develop and deepen its support for clients across regional Canadian markets.

To manage Toronto operations, Robert Strawbridge was appointed as the Options’ VP Head of Canada late last year, bringing with him over a decade of experience working with numerous foreign exchange technologies and e-Trading platforms. As a former Scotiabank executive, Robert is well-positioned to support Options clients on the ground. In addition to client support, he is responsible for the expansion of Options' client base alongside the management and recruitment of staff in the region.

Danny Moore, Options’ President, and CEO explained, 'Options has experienced a period of exponential growth on our platform over the past number of years, including double-digit growth across our Managed Colocation business. Toronto is known for its deep talent market and having worked with clients in the Toronto region for many years now, it was clear to us that this innovative, vibrant city was the obvious place for our next office opening.”

Toronto Mayor, John Tory added, “The Toronto Region has emerged as a North American leader in the convergence of financial services and technology. International businesses are choosing to invest in the region, leveraging the fastest-growing tech talent pool in North America. I’m thrilled that Options will call Toronto home, with one of the most educated and diverse workforces in the world – creating jobs for our talented residents and contributing to regional economic recovery and growth.”

Today’s news marks the latest in a string of announcements for Options, including the acquisition of Fixnetix, their partnership with Packets2Disk to provide Market-Leading Network Analytics, and a decade of SOC compliance.

In 2019, Options received investment from Boston-based Private Equity Firm, Abry Partners. This investment has enabled Options to accelerate its growth strategy and develop its technology platform whilst expanding its reach in key financial centres globally.

About Options (

Options Technology is the No. 1 provider of IT infrastructure to global Capital Markets firms, supporting their operations and ecosystems.

Founded in 1993, the firm began life as a hedge fund technology services provider. Today, the company provides high-performance managed trading infrastructure and cloud-enabled managed services to over 200 firms globally, providing an agile, scalable platform in an Investment Bank grade Cybersecurity wrapper.


Options clients include the leading global investment banks, hedge funds, funds of funds, proprietary trading firms, market makers, broker/dealers, private equity houses and exchanges. With offices in 8 key cities; New York, Toronto, Chicago, London, Belfast, Hong Kong, Singapore and New Zealand, Options are well placed to service their customers both on-site and remotely.

In 2019, Options secured a significant growth investment from Abry Partners, a Boston-based sector-focused private equity firm. This investment has enabled Options to considerably accelerate its growth strategy to invest further in its technology platform and expand its reach in key financial centres globally.

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Options has been named among the U.K.’s leading growth companies in the 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018 and 2017 Sunday Times HSBC International Track 200 league table.

For more on Options, please visit, follow us on Twitter at @Options_ITand visit our LinkedIn page.

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About Abry Partners (

Abry is one of the most experienced and successful sector-focused private equity investment firms in North America. Since its founding in 1989, the firm has completed over $82 billion of leveraged transactions and other private equity or preferred equity placements. Currently, the firm manages over $5.0 billion of capital across their active funds.

When a pseudonymous programmer introduced “a new electronic cash system that’s fully peer-to-peer, with no trusted third party” to a small online mailing list in 2008, very few paid attention. Ten years later, and against all odds, this upstart autonomous decentralized software offers an unstoppable and globally-accessible hard money alternative to modern central banks. The Bitcoin Standard analyzes the historical context to the rise of Bitcoin, the economic properties that have allowed it to grow quickly, and its likely economic, political, and social implications.

While Bitcoin is a new invention of the digital age, the problem it purports to solve is as old as human society itself: transferring value across time and space. Ammous takes the reader on an engaging journey through the history of technologies performing the functions of money, from primitive systems of trading limestones and seashells, to metals, coins, the gold standard, and modern government debt. Exploring what gave these technologies their monetary role, and how most lost it, provides the reader with a good idea of what makes for sound money, and sets the stage for an economic discussion of its consequences for individual and societal future-orientation, capital accumulation, trade, peace, culture, and art. Compellingly, Ammous shows that it is no coincidence that the loftiest achievements of humanity have come in societies enjoying the benefits of sound monetary regimes, nor is it coincidental that monetary collapse has usually accompanied civilizational collapse.

With this background in place, the book moves on to explain the operation of Bitcoin in a functional and intuitive way. Bitcoin is a decentralized, distributed piece of software that converts electricity and processing power into indisputably accurate records, thus allowing its users to utilize the Internet to perform the traditional functions of money without having to rely on, or trust, any authorities or infrastructure in the physical world. Bitcoin is thus best understood as the first successfully implemented form of digital cash and digital hard money. With an automated and perfectly predictable monetary policy, and the ability to perform final settlement of large sums across the world in a matter of minutes, Bitcoin’s real competitive edge might just be as a store of value and network for final settlement of large payments—a digital form of gold with a built-in settlement infrastructure.

Ammous’ firm grasp of the technological possibilities as well as the historical realities of monetary evolution provides for a fascinating exploration of the ramifications of voluntary free market money. As it challenges the most sacred of government monopolies, Bitcoin shifts the pendulum of sovereignty away from governments in favor of individuals, offering us the tantalizing possibility of a world where money is fully extricated from politics and unrestrained by borders.

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The final chapter of the book explores some of the most common questions surrounding Bitcoin: Is Bitcoin mining a waste of energy? Is Bitcoin for criminals? Who controls Bitcoin, and can they change it if they please? How can Bitcoin be killed? And what to make of all the thousands of Bitcoin knock-offs, and the many supposed applications of Bitcoin’s ‘blockchain technology’? The Bitcoin Standard is the essential resource for a clear understanding of the rise of the Internet’s decentralized, apolitical, free-market alternative to national central banks.